The New Worker
The Weekly paper of the New Communist Party of Britain
Week commencing 15th August, 2008
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GEORGIA: US PUPPETS ROUTED
by our European Affairs Correspondent
RUSSIAN President Dmitri Medvedev has called a stop to military
action against Georgia as Russia had achieved its goal in South
Ossetia. But fighting continues in western Georgia as the forces of the
breakaway Abkhazian republic battle with the Georgian army for control
of the strategic Kodori Valley.
The war, which began when the reactionary Georgian regime launched a
surprise attack on the South Ossetian republic on 8th August, has ended
in the route of the Georgian army. But it has left a trail of death and
destruction in its wake.
Thousands of civilians were killed in the fighting. Many more on both
sides have fled to safety well away from the front-lines. Tskhinvali,
the South Ossetian capital which was briefly seized by the Georgians on
the first day of fighting, is in ruins. Some Georgian soldiers
surrendered and are now prisoners of war and a senior Georgian
intelligence officer operating secretly in Russia has been arrested.
The Georgian city of Gori has been abandoned after days of Russian air
and artillery bombardment and most of Georgia’s military bases and
airports have been bombed..
While the fighting raged Muscovites joined Ossetian and Abkhazian
workers in the Russian capital to organise humanitarian aid for the
refugees and stage protests outside the American embassy. The Communist
Party of the Russian Federation, the biggest communist party in the
country, held fund collection drives and blood donation camps for
Russian soldiers and civilians in Ossetia.
A six-point ceasefire was agreed on Wednesday after French President
Nicolas Sarkozy held talks in Moscow and the Georgian capital, Tbilisi.
“The first is not to resort to the use of force. The second is to halt
all military action. The third is free access to humanitarian aid. The
fourth is that Georgian Armed Forces should return to their bases. The
fifth is that Russian Armed Forces should pull back to their positions
prior to combat,” President Medvedev told the media in Moscow. “The
sixth is the beginning of international discussions on the future
status of South Ossetia and Abkhazia and on ways to ensure their
The Kremlin has pledged $414 million in emergency aid for South
Ossetia, much of it for Tskhinvali which will take at least two years
to rebuild. The Russians are also insisting that the views of the
people of South Ossetia and Abkhazia must be taken into account in
deciding the future of these two breakaway republics, which have been
protected by Russian peace-keeping forces since the mid-1990s.
He cited the “precedent” of Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of
independence in February, and its subsequent recognition by the United
States and the majority of European Union countries.
Pro-imperialist Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili is now trying to
pick up the pieces after the debacle by whipping up nationalist fervour
at home and talking up the fear of the Russian bogeyman abroad to prop
up his government. Though he clearly couldn’t have acted without the
covert blessing of the United States the Russians hold him directly
responsible for the war and the war-crimes and genocide they say his
forces committed during their brief occupation of South Ossetia. But at
the moment there is no sign of any serious open challenge to
Saakashvili’s rule apart from a call from the Georgian Peace Committee
for his ousting.
Holding the Saakashvili government responsible for “this fratricidal
war” it declared that the “Georgian Peace Committee, together with all
the progressive parties and social movements of Georgia, is going to
struggle so that the organisers of this monstrous genocide have a
severe and legitimate punishment… we appeal to all the political forces
of Georgia, the social movements and the people of Georgia to unite in
order to free the country of the anti-popular, Russophobic and
pro-fascist regime of Saakashvili!”
THE CAUCASUS is ablaze after
Russian forces fought to drive the Georgian army out of the breakaway
republics that look to the Kremlin for protection. Meanwhile the
imperialists bleat about the fate of a Georgian puppet whom they
incited in the first place to launch this insane provocation. The
Russians now have the upper hand. The Georgian army has been routed and
the Russians have called a halt to their military operations.
The Georgians are begging for a ceasefire and blaming the West for not
bailing them out of a crisis of their own making. But the man they
should blame is their own president, Mikhail Saakashvili, who has
brought his country to the brink of disaster through a reckless gamble
that has so dramatically backfired.
Georgian forces launched a treacherous dawn attack on the autonomous
republic of South Ossetia on 8th August briefly occupying the capital,
Tskhinvali, and killing many civilians and a number of Russian
peace-keeping soldiers and forcing tens of thousands of civilians to
flee across the border to North Ossetia-Alania, which is part of the
The Georgian leadership clearly believed that they could do this while
many world leaders, including Russian leader Vladimir Putin, were
distracted in Beijing for the opening of the Olympics; that they could
rely on the US imperialism to support their unilateral aggression and
that the Russians would do nothing. The reactionary Georgian
nationalist regime miscalculated on all three counts.
Georgia is a willing tool of imperialism, sending troops to support the
Anglo-American occupation of Iraq and pushing to join Nato and the
European Union. The Americans and Israel have helped arm and train the
Georgian armed forces. Georgia plays a pivotal role in the supply of
oil from the Caspian region to the West as the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil
pipeline runs through much of the country and the Americans see Georgia
as a useful base to menace Russia and the countries of the Middle East.
In Soviet times the peoples of the Caucasus lived in harmony with one
another. The collapse of Soviet power in the late 1980s, led by
Gorbachov and the other traitors in the Kremlin, fuelled the rise of
reactionary nationalist forces throughout the USSR and the Soviet Union
fell apart. The former Soviet republics declared full independence but
many of them ignored the legitimate demands of the long established
autonomous republics and provinces within their territories.
In Georgia the South Ossetians and Abkhazian nationalists demanded full
autonomy and when the Georgian government not only rejected this but
abolished their existing rights, these communities launched a
Fighting ended in the early 1990s when the Georgians recognised the
autonomous republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia under international
agreements that provided for the stationing of Russian peace-keeping
No one should be surprised at the Russian response. Under those
agreements Russian peace-keeping forces maintain the truce and they are
obliged if one party breaks the ceasefire to defend the other, which is
exactly what they did when they intervened to save the South Ossetians,
most of whom are Russian citizens, and drive the Georgians out. The
Russians have always called for a peaceful negotiated solution to the
problem. The Georgian regime has continually tried to settle this by
force. Last week they overplayed their hand.
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